Inside the Ukrainian Village That Makes Christmas Ornaments for All of Europe
25 December, 2017

In the run up to the holiday season, Ukrainians are pulling their Christmas decorations out of the attic. In the cities, thousands of garlands light up the streets and the Christmas markets are starting to grow.

Even the most fierce skeptics begin to believe in Christmas miracles as they decorate their homes and tell stories to their children about the fairytale elves in a land far away who are busy making toys.

But, in reality, these elves are at work only 40 kilometres outside of Kyiv. At first glance, they seem to be normal people, women in particular. Their factory in the village of Kladievo-Tarasova has been making Christmas tree decorations for almost 60 years. These ornaments are then sold throughout Europe.

The entrance to the Christmas tree decoration factory in the village of Kladievo-Tarasove. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

Excursions around the factory take place from the start of October to the end of January. They are particularly popular for school children. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

“People think that we only work two or three months a year. That’s not the case,” says the factory’s commercial director, Serhiy Karpenko. “We only rest for one month, and the factory is fully operational from the second half of January.”

If, for some people, Christmas toys are essential for creating a festive atmosphere, for the factory workers, they are normal part of their job. However, all the workers say that even after many years of working at the factory, the Christmas decorations still make them feel the Christmas spirit.   

In the past, there were courses in glass-blowing at vocational schools. But now people learn the craft on the job on the factory floor. In one shift, one worker can make between 200 and 400 baubles.

Workers in the factory’s glass-blowing workshop. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

Workers in the factory’s glass-blowing workshop. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

Workers in the factory’s glass-blowing workshop. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

“I’ve worked at the factory for almost ten years. I really love my job,” says glass-blower Tetyana.  

At Hromadske’s request, one worker demonstrates how a bauble is made from a glass tube.  

Glass-blower Tetyana has worked at the factory for almost ten years. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

The factory operates all year round to make enough decorations for the start of the season. The money made from sales during the holiday season covers wages for a whole year, says Serhiy Karpenko.

“No one buys the decoration in summer,” he laughs. “People start to think of them at the start of winter. Excursions [to the factory] start at the beginning of October and continue through to the end of January.”

Each year, the factory workers try and think of something new for the visitors — new locations or master classes. This year, for example, they had “elves” leading the guided tours through the factory workshops.

The elf tour-guide surprises the children on the excursion. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

Apart from baubles, the factory also various different figures. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

It’s mostly children who take the tours. However, age does not really matter. Anyone can watch how they blow the glass, paint the baubles and pack them. For an additional fee you can also become a glass-blower for a day. The tour and the master class costs around nine dollars.

When Hromadske asked which were the factory’s most popular decorations, the employees said that it was usually the ones painted with symbols of the upcoming year. At the moment, a lot of people are buying decorations with pictures of dogs on them because 2018 is the Year of the Dog in the Chinese Zodiac. Every year, the developers add to the designs and the artists think up new scenes or get ideas from New Year’s cards.

Almost all the toys are made by hand (or mouth, to be precise). Only a small percentage is made using machines.

A window display at the factory of decorations made in Poland. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

Ukrainian designs are popular among customers year in, year out. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

At the end of the tour, you can buy a decoration of your choice from the factory shop. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

There’s a special atmosphere in the artists’ workshop. Creativity requires silence and inspiration. However, the tours start at the beginning of autumn and there’s more going on in the factory as the holiday season draws closer. And there’s always a flow of visitors.

The artists were surprised when we asked why they don’t use a conveyor belt system.

“We all have our own style. Some people do beautiful landscapes, others do animals and flowers. For example, I generally don’t do flowers, and I wouldn’t even try make an ornament like that,” says artist Liudmyla.

Artist Liudmyla works on samples of new designs in the artists’ workshop. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

Every artist at the factory works on their own designs, which are then transferred to the baubles. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

The artists teach each other different techniques, mainly using acrylic paint. Sometimes, if it’s an exclusive design, an artist can work on one decoration for the whole day, so the finished product still shines through the lacquer, which adds a glow.

Almost 100% of the decorations are blown and painted by hand. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

Most of the toys end up on European shelves. Photo credit: Anastasia Vlasova/Hromadske

The items produced at the factory can be bought at stores in Ukraine. Several retail chains also work with the factory. However, almost 70% of the decorations are exported. Ukrainian baubles appear on Christmas trees in 18 European countries.

/By Anastasia Vlasova

/Translated by Sofia Fedeczko